State Ag Secretary Bill Northey says it will now be a "much heavier lift" to get a Farm Bill passed in the U.S. House.
A coalition of Democrats and Republicans joined Thursday to defeat the Farm Bill by a 195 to 234 vote.
Northey, a Republican who farms near Spirit Lake, says the Farm Billi is a "complicated piece of legislation".
Conservative Republicans say the Farm Bill is loaded with excessive spending, while many Democrats object to cuts in food stamps.
Northey says the farm community is hopeful "clear eyes" will take a look at what happened in the House and find a way to make changes that would accommodate some of the concerns -- and round up enough votes to pass it.
But Northey warns even if some version of the Farm Bill clears the House, it's not clear sailing because a group of House and Senate members will have to draft a compromise Farm Bill that can win approval in both the Republican-led House and the U.S.Senate where Democrats control the debate agenda.
The 2008 Farm Bill expired last fall, but congress passed a one-year extension, putting pressure on lawmakers to get something done by September 30th.
All four Iowa congressmen voted for the Farm Bill yesterday. Republican Congressman Tom Latham issued a statement, saying he has "real frustration with members of both parties" who blocked the bill's progress, although Latham did note that "three out of four House Republicans" voted for the bill, while "barely one in ten House Democrats" did.
Democratic Congressman Bruce Braley said yesterday's vote was "Washington at its worst."
Before the vote, Republican Congressman Steve King pointed to cuts and reforms in the food stamp program that were outlined in the Farm Bill and called that a "solid start to solving Washington's spending problem."
King also noted the version of the Farm Bill that was being considered in the House cut federal spending on traditional commodity programs by 36 percent.
CONTRIBUTED BY RADIO IOWA